I’ve been slowly bringing up a dual Xeon E5472 system from circa 2008 as a storage server. It has a single PCI-X slot, with the rest PCIe x4. The PCI-X slot is occupied by a 3ware escalade variant, so I have no other PCI slots available. I originally intended to run Joyent SmartOS on it for use as a dedicated storage server, possibly migrating some VMs to containers. The SmartOS kernel (nee OpenSolaris) unfortunately doesn’t support the 3ware card, even in JBOD mode, and I already deal with ZFS with Linux at work, so I figured I’d try FreeBSD. I was able to get it installed on a ZFS mirror of mismatched drives after running through a manual gauntlet, but spare SATA drives are in short supply in my basement datacentre, so I figured I’d see what else I could connect to it. (I’m holding out hope for a PCIe SCSI controller to keep some SCA drives in service.)
For kicks, I purchased a PCIe to PCI bridge, so I could install a PATA controller, and try running ZFS mirrors on some new-old-stock PATA drives. I expected the PATA controller to be minimally functional, but I’m pleasantly surprised at how well it works. Benchmark performance is comparable to within a couple percent (2% worse, in some cases 10% better) than a mirror assembled from my mismatched SATA drives. I suppose this isn’t surprising since the drives I’m testing are contemporaries, just with different interfaces. (I also expect that as I add more spindles to the PCI-X SATA controller it will continue to scale bandwidth, which ye olde IDE controller can’t physically do.)
My computing conscience pointed out that a far better use of this newly acquired SATA connectivity would be to buy some large SATA drives and copy images and/or data from the smaller obsolete drives I have been collecting for data retention purposes, and then get rid of them. Going through a few drives so far, the storage space is trivial, since all the drives of interest are < 100GB. After optionally transferring contents of and clearing a few drives, I ended up with a pile to take to the local recycler. While I was there, I picked up three 500GB WD blues to assemble into a ~1TB RAIDZ. I'm getting roughly 100MByte read and write benchmark speeds, which seems plenty fast for my purposes. The only benchmarks I have which beat it are SSDs or a (very) large (now waterfalled) fibrechannel disk array. Seems like adding a few more disks for a 6-disk RAIDZ2 could make sense, but I also have a couple 3TB drives I plan on shuffling into the array as part of my grand migration scheme.